Durian (Durian), also known as Rambutan fruits, musk cat, the Taiwan region, commonly known as "the Golden pillow". Tropical deciduous genus bombax family, tree height of 15-20 metres, generally believed that the East India and Malaysia is the origin for Durian durian, later passed in the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Viet Nam, Myanmar and other countries, China Hainan also has a small number of plants. Durian leaves long, top more tip, poly umbrella inflorescence, suit yellow, fruit football size, Peel solid, key health triangle Thorn, pulp is by false species skin of meat package composition, color yellow, viscous more juice, head once edible Durian Shi, that exception of smell can makes many people "discouraged", but, also has many people since eat has first mouth yihou, on will was Durian that special of aftertaste and texture by attract. Durian fruit contains vitamin, nutrient-rich, flavor is unique, with "King of fruits" of reputation.Durian for egg sphere-shaped, generally about two kilograms, the outside is a wood-like shell, score in room per room with three or four seeds about the size of grains such as egg yolk, a total of ten to 15 and outside wrapping a layer of the seed ointment is flesh, yellow for milk. Tastes sweet and aerosol dispenser. Nutritional value of Durian Durian a high nutritional value, outside the subject to have a high sugar, starch-containing 11%, 13%, sugar, protein 3%, there are many other vitamins, fat, calcium, iron and phosphorus. Durian fruit heat is, so eat Durian taboo within nine hours after drinking. Durian got all Po, fruit can be cooked and baked to eat, taste like cooked medium sweet potato, boiled water treatment of Durian sore itch of skin sensitivity. Durian shell and the synthesis of other chemicals can be SOAP, doubles as a dermatological medicine. Cihai, and are part of the Materia Medica, said that Durian "is available for medicinal, taste sweet, non-toxic, indications of violent dysentery and confidant air-conditioning. "Although the durian is rich in nutrients, with strengthening spleen and supplementing Qi, tonifying the kidney and strengthening Yang effect, but not everyone is suitable, when eating a cold, not fit for human consumption in patients with hypertension, diabetes, cannot simultaneously with alcohol consumption. In Thailand there were eating four in a row after Durian in patients with diabetes, died. Thailand Ministry of Health advised the public not to eat Durian more than two flaps. General health are edible durians, but the daily food intake should not exceed 100g. Durian-hot, therefore, do not eat, put fire in order to avoid time, preferably by eating two or three mountain bamboo while eating durian, Garcinia can inhibit Durian coupled to the internal heat, protect the body from harm. Edible durians should also note that, dry throat, tongue dry, sore throat, fever Yin deficiency physique physical and be careful when eating, diabetes, heart disease and hypercholesterolemia patients should not eat. Very rich in Durian fruit nutrition, contains large amounts of sugar, high heat. Where the protein content of 2.7%, fat 4.1%, carbohydrates 9.7%, water 82.5%, rich vitamin content, vitamin a, vitamin b and vitamin c are higher. Large studies have shown that vitamin a is essential and important micronutrients, with normal growth, reproduction, Visual and physiological function of resistance to infection. Epithelial cells of human need vitamin a to maintain organizational health, normal vision, promote growth and development, increased resistance to infectious diseases. In addition, vitamin a can also inhibit tumor formation of resistant gene promoter activity, play the role of suppressor anticancer. Vitamin b is an indispensable auxiliary base variety of oxidative enzymes in the system section, involved in redox reactions and energy metabolism. Vitamin c has a wide range of physiological functions in the body, it can enhance the body's immune function, prevention and treatment of iron deficiency anemia, pernicious anemia and scurvy, promote the formation of collagen, and steroid metabolism, is conducive to maintaining the normal functions of the skeleton and teeth, anti-aging, inhibition of nitrite and nitrosamine of synthesis, has preventive effects. Durian fruit vitamins in the physiological function and clinical effect on certain diseases cannot be ignored. Durian fruit also contains mineral elements in the human body required. Where particularly high content of potassium and calcium. Potassium participates in metabolism of protein, carbohydrate and energy and material transfer, contribute to the prevention and treatment of hypertension. Calcium is an important human skeleton material, inadequate calcium intake may prevent normal bone development. Zinc, iron and magnesium, and other elements involved in the human body consists of many enzymes, when you lack these enzymes in the body, can lead to weakened immunity and disordered. Zinc have great effect on human immune system and defense functions, is an important component of enzymes, played a series of biochemical functions with hormone function. Durian fruit have strong effects on the human reason, in addition to containing useful elements such as zinc rich, aroma components and should also contain other nutrients play a collaborative role. In addition, the durian variety of amino acids in fruit, rich content, not including tryptophan, also contains 7 essential amino acids, of which, particularly high glutamate levels. Animal experiments further evidence that glutamate are nucleic acids, nucleotides, amino sugars and proteins important precursors of, involved in its metabolism, can improve the body's immune function, and regulation of acid-base balance in the body, as well as improving the ability of body stress. Medicinal value of Durian Durian contains rich protein, fat, carbohydrates and fiber, and also contains vitamin a, vitamin b, vitamin c, vitamin e, folic acid, niacin, calcium, iron, phosphorus, inorganic elements such as potassium, sodium, magnesium, selenium, is a high nutrient density and balance of tropical fruit. Modern medicine experiment that Durian juice and Peel contains a proteolytic enzyme, can promote infiltration of drug focus, has anti-inflammatory and anti-role of edema, improve blood circulation. Modern medical research shows that from Durian juice and Peel extract of proteolytic enzymes, fiber protein hydrolysis after oral administration to strengthen the body, dissolve blood clots, improve the local loops of body fluids, so that the inflammation and edema elimination, clinical and anti-inflammatory drugs can be used as anti-edema. Durian protease and antibiotics, chemotherapy drug, can promote the infiltration of drug focus, can be used for a variety of causes symptoms such as inflammation, edema and thrombosis, such as acute bronchitis, pneumonia, inflammation of the breast, such as retinitis. It was reported that the durian fruit Peel treatment of senile pruritus of the curative effect is better. Of eating Durian Durian protruding at the bottom of parts with a knife before cutting off, you can see the lines, and then along the lines cut with a knife, then break apart with their hands, Durian flesh out flap which can be. Food taboos within nine hours after drinking. Durian Durian shell boiled water to drink can drop the heat. Buying Guide: from the epidermis to understand advantages and disadvantages of durian, where gross and thinning conical thorns, generally developing well, the grain, flesh thick and fine if fine, dense barbed tip, then the grain, flesh thin and fleshy thick. Or adjacent to the two thorns with their hands closer, it's easy to get together, is mature. Finished with help of Durian consumption will have a smell, Durian shell water cleaning, it can be removed. Durian although delicious, but you may not eat too much at once, otherwise easily lead to dry the body, its abundant nutrition also put fire due to stomach not completely absorbed. Method is to eliminate hot drink some light salt water while eating Durian write water or eat more fruit to balance, pear, watermelon are good choices. However, the best partner of the durian is known as the Queen of fruit of Garcinia, only it can easily subduing King of fruits internal heat, protecting the body from damage. Factors of effects on consumption and storage while the durian is beneficial for good health, but is not suitable for consumption. Durian containing sugar and cholesterol more, thus diabetes people, and high cholesterol blood syndrome patients should bogey food or less food Durian; Durian heat and sugar content higher, thus obesity persons and diabetes patients should less eat; Durian containing potassium volume higher, thus nephropathy and the heart disease people should less eat; from TCM angle view, Durian sexual hot and delay, laryngeal pain, and cough, and cold, and Yin physique, and tracheal sensitive who are not more food Durian; elderly should special note, Durian juice sticky heavy, easy blocking throat, and tracheal and introduction Durian up asphyxia, so elderly be less eat, and slow eat; Durian rich cellulose, in stomach in the will suction water expansion, too much edible will blocking intestinal, caused constipation. Durian although delicious, but you may not eat too much at once, otherwise easily lead to dry the body, its abundant nutrition is also caused by stomach not completely absorbed "put fire." Method is to eliminate hot drink some light salt water while eating Durian write water or eat more fruit to balance, pear, watermelon are good choices. However, the best partner of durian is known as the "Queen of fruits" of Garcinia, only it can easily subduing "King of fruits" of internal heat, protecting the body from damage. Reports that Durian contribute to lipid, durian is a high-fat fruit contains large amounts of saturated fatty acids, eat more elevated levels of total cholesterol in the blood, leading to vascular embolization. Water soluble fiber in fruit help to clear the bad cholesterol in the body, so after eating too many durians can eat high fiber fruits such as oranges, apples and pears. Durian is difficult to storage and alternate night taste of postharvest deterioration, two or three days will go bad, this is also a rare cause of Durian on the market in North China. Malaysia Institute of technical renewal of periods of preservation of durian, deep frozen, to meet the market demand for Durian in different areas. Durian in decay losses during transportation and sales rate of 40% per cent, from the junction of Durian fruit postharvest disease of disease and health part separation of micro-organisms and the pathogenicity of isolates, that is the cause of Phytophthora Durian an important pathogens of postharvest decay; blight is the durian in the Guangzhou market common diseases that occur in the sales process. Jinlei wettable powder, Swiss HIV study of MN-Zn wettable powder on control of Durian blight has good results, but should not be used after Durian production; Shi Bao Gong wettable powder in postharvest use of fungicides is a, but has no effect on control of Durian blight; streptomycin is an effective pharmaceutical for control of postharvest diseases of Durian. On the control of postharvest diseases of durian, chemical control of postharvest except durians to take measures, the more important are prevention measures should be taken before the durian production because Durian postharvest disease pathogens is brought from the field. Currently can be used to control disease in the fields of pharmacy more effectively, but can be used for control of postharvest diseases of pharmacy is very small. Durian Durian production before harvest disease control measures on the prevention and reduction of Durian blight caused by rotting in the transportation and distribution process is important.